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CAFIA Control Activities

Information on changes of inspections of fresh fruit and vegetables arising from amendments to EU legal regulations.
Legal regulations
Inspection of fresh fruits and vegetables is carried out according to Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No. 543/2011, which establishes detailed rules for implementing Council Regulation (EC) No. 1234/2007 in the area of Fruit and Vegetables and Processed Fruit and Vegetable Products. Regulation (EU) No. 543/2011 was adopted to clarify the situation since Regulation (EC) No. 1580/2007 had been amended several times and also due to the fact that it was necessary to make further changes.
Commission Regulation (EU) No. 543/2011 has been used since 22 June, 2011, Article 149 of Regulation (EC) No. 1580/2007 has been repealed. The requirements of Commission Regulation (EU) No. 543/2011, in addition to fresh fruits and vegetables, also apply to nuts and cultivated mushrooms. Potatoes are not covered by this regulation.
Trading standards
Trading standards set out the detailed requirements for individual types of fruit and vegetables. This involves ascertaining the quality - quality grade, size, packaging type, modifications, and on the labelling of fruit and vegetables.
For each product in the fruit and vegetable sector, the standards were issued by way of a  regulation, but all of these regulations have since been repealed, with the exception of the regulation for green bananas. The trading standards have become annexes to Council Regulation (EU) No. 543/2011.
Special trading standards
The special trading standards (Annex I, Part B) set out the detailed requirements for the following 10 types of fruit and vegetables:
apples                                                                green peppers
pears                                                                 lettuce, summer curly endive and winter endive
citrus fruits                                                        grapes
strawberries                                                     peaches and nectarines
kiwi                                                                    tomatoes
Changes to the requirements for individual types of fruit and vegetables contained in the special trading standards are shown in the attached presentation.
General trading standards
All other products in the fruit and vegetables sector (including nuts and cultivated mushrooms) must meet the requirements of general business standards.
For fruit and vegetables, except for the aforementioned 10 types, the general trading standards do not require quality grades to be stated. This means that products covered by the general trading standards, which are labelled with a quality grade, will be regarded as incorrectly labelled, as this labelling will have no legal basis - and will not be covered by any valid legislation.
The general trading standards only state the minimum quality requirements, according to which the fruit or vegetables must be:
  • whole,
  • healthy, not allowing the sale of products affected by rotting or deterioration to the extent that they are unfit for consumption,
  • fruit or vegetables must be clean, practically free of any visible foreign matters,
  • practically free of damage caused by pests and affecting the flesh,
  • free of abnormal external moisture,
  • free of any foreign smell or taste.

The condition of the product must be such as to enable it to:
  • be transported and handled,
  • delivered to its destination in a satisfactory condition.

Quality requirements for products can be found in the standards listed in Annex I, Part A, B of Commission Regulation (EU) No. 543/2011.
Therefore, the inspection of fresh fruits and vegetables will take place from 22/6/2011 in accordance with the trading standards, whether it is a specific trading standard or the general trading standards.
The changes in the legal requirements and the CAFIA policy of inspections of fresh fruit and vegetables may be found in the attached presentation (in czech language only).